Race can be discussed as a social reality with a biological component. The consequences of that social reality have been very serious, however, and continue to be so.
So are the consequences of the fallacies surrounding race. Among these fallacies are that race was the basis of slavery….
There is often an implicit assumption that racism and discrimination are so closely linked that they go up and down together, when in fact … some times and places with more racism have been known to have less discrimination — and discrimination can exist without racism.
Thomas Sowell, in Economic Facts and Fallacies